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(三)综合案例Spring整合Mybatis---Spring简明快速入门学习

波哥
2021-10-17 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 129 阅读 / 0 字

Spring整合Mybatis准备工作(xml配置文件方式整合)

spring整合mybatis案例基础环境介绍

综合案例步骤

基础准备工作

Spring Mybatis坐标
1.导入Spring坐标,MyBatis坐标,MySQL坐标,Druid坐标
  <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
        <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
        <version>3.5.3</version>
    </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.47</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.9.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.9.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.16</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.0</version>
        </dependency>
业务类与接口准备
1.创建数据库表,并制作相应的实体类Account
2.定义业务层接口与数据层接口
3.在业务层调用数据层接口,并实现业务方法的调用
基础配置文件
1. jdbc.properties
jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/spring_db
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=itheima
2. MyBatis映射配置文件

整合前准备工作

1. spring配置文件,加上context命名空间,用于加载properties文件
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        https://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!--加载perperties配置文件的信息-->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:*.properties"/>

    <!--加载druid资源-->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
        <property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>
    </bean>

    <!--配置service作为spring的bean,注入dao-->
    <bean id="accountService" class="com.itheima.service.impl.AccountServiceImpl">
        <property name="accountDao" ref="accountDao"/>
    </bean>

    <!--spring整合mybatis后控制的创建连接用的对象-->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.itheima.domain"/>
    </bean>

    <!--加载mybatis映射配置的扫描,将其作为spring的bean进行管理-->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.itheima.dao"/>
    </bean>



</beans>
2.开启加载properties文件
3.配置数据源druid (备用)
4.定义service层bean,注入dao层bean
5. dao的bean无需定义,使用代理自动生成

整合工作

1.导入Spring整合MyBatis坐标
2将mybatis配置成spring管理的bean (SqlSessionFactoryBean)
  • 将原始配置文件中的所有项,转入到当前配置中
    • 数据源转换
    • 映射转换
3.通过spring加载mybatis的映射配置文件到spring环境中
4.设置类型别名
5.测试结果:使用spring环境加载业务层bean,执行操作

注意事项

Spring整合Mybatis代码(xml配置文件方式整合)

项目结构

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.itheima</groupId>
    <artifactId>Spring_day01_05</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <properties>
        <maven.compiler.source>11</maven.compiler.source>
        <maven.compiler.target>11</maven.compiler.target>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
        <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
        <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
        <version>3.5.3</version>
    </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>8.0.26</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.9.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.9.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.16</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.0</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

</project>

applicationContext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        https://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!--加载perperties配置文件的信息-->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:*.properties"/>

    <!--加载druid资源-->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
        <property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>
    </bean>

    <!--配置service作为spring的bean,注入dao-->
    <bean id="accountService" class="com.itheima.service.impl.AccountServiceImpl">
        <property name="accountDao" ref="accountDao"/>
    </bean>

    <!--spring整合mybatis后控制的创建连接用的对象-->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.itheima.domain"/>
    </bean>

    <!--加载mybatis映射配置的扫描,将其作为spring的bean进行管理-->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.itheima.dao"/>
    </bean>



</beans>

jdbc.properties

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/spring_db
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=123456

accountDao.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.itheima.dao.AccountDao">

    <!--配置根据id查询-->
    <select id="findById" resultType="account" parameterType="int">
        select * from account where id = #{id}
    </select>

    <!--配置查询所有-->
    <select id="findAll" resultType="account">
        select * from account
    </select>

    <!--配置保存-->
    <insert id="save" parameterType="account">
        insert into account(name,money)values(#{name},#{money})
    </insert>

    <!--配置删除-->
    <delete id="delete" parameterType="int">
        delete from account where id = #{id}
    </delete>

    <!--配置更新-->
    <update id="update" parameterType="account">
        update account set name=#{name},money=#{money} where id=#{id}
    </update>
</mapper>

AccountDao.java

package com.itheima.dao;

import com.itheima.domain.Account;

import java.util.List;

public interface AccountDao {

    void save(Account account);

    void delete(Integer id);

    void update(Account account);

    List<Account> findAll();

    Account findById(Integer id);
}

Account.java

package com.itheima.domain;

import java.io.Serializable;

public class Account implements Serializable {

    private Integer id;
    private String name;
    private Double money;

    public Integer getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Integer id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Double getMoney() {
        return money;
    }

    public void setMoney(Double money) {
        this.money = money;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Account{" +
                "id=" + id +
                ", name='" + name + '\'' +
                ", money=" + money +
                '}';
    }
}

AccountService.java

package com.itheima.service;

import com.itheima.domain.Account;

import java.util.List;

public interface AccountService {

    void save(Account account);

    void delete(Integer id);

    void update(Account account);

    List<Account> findAll();

    Account findById(Integer id);

}

AccountServiceImpl.java

package com.itheima.service.impl;


import com.itheima.dao.AccountDao;
import com.itheima.domain.Account;
import com.itheima.service.AccountService;

import java.util.List;

public class AccountServiceImpl implements AccountService {

    private AccountDao accountDao;

    public void setAccountDao(AccountDao accountDao) {
        this.accountDao = accountDao;
    }

    public void save(Account account) {
        accountDao.save(account);
    }

    public void update(Account account){
        accountDao.update(account);
    }

    public void delete(Integer id) {
        accountDao.delete(id);
    }

    public Account findById(Integer id) {
        return accountDao.findById(id);
    }

    public List<Account> findAll() {
        return accountDao.findAll();
    }
}
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