(六)SpringBoot整合Junit–SpringBoot快速入门学习教程笔记

需求:

SpringBoot整合Junit。

实现步骤:

①搭建SpringBoot工程
②引入starter-test起步依赖
③编写测试类
④添加测试相关注解
@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest(classes =启动类class)
⑤编写测试方法

具体实现

项目结构

1、使用idea的spring initialer创建web工程,自动引入start-test依赖和创建SpringBootTest类

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.5.6</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>com.devtao.study</groupId>
    <artifactId>springboot-junit</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>springboot-junit</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>
    <properties>
        <java.version>11</java.version>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

</project>
SpringbootJunitApplication.java
package com.devtao.study.springbootjunit;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class SpringbootJunitApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SpringbootJunitApplication.class, args);
    }

}
PersonService.java
package com.devtao.study.service;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

/**
 * @program: springboot-junit
 * @description:
 * @author: Liu Tao
 * @create: 2021-10-27 09:58
 **/

public interface PersonService {
    public void add();
}
PersonServiceImpl.java
package com.devtao.study.service.impl;

import com.devtao.study.service.PersonService;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

/**
 * @program: springboot-junit
 * @description:
 * @author: Liu Tao
 * @create: 2021-10-27 09:58
 **/
@Service("personService")
public class PersonServiceImpl implements PersonService {
    @Override
    public void add() {
        System.out.println("add new record");
    }
}
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